a biophilic year: loosening boundaries in design
in a biophilic year
“learning from nature,
boundaries turn into filters that
selectively leave out and let in”
cit. a biophilic year - #204
Partitions define spaces and divide functions in them. But have we gone too far? What if boundaries evolved into filters that selectively leave out and let in? Let’s explore…
Interior partitions divide functions in a space. They provide privacy, dampen sounds and create separate worlds inside a bigger space. But are walls the only way? Through the years, rigidly partitioned interiors have given way to open living spaces where daytime areas are merged together. With the pandemic, the discussion around open vs partitioned spaces has become actual again. Domestic spaces have been required to serve many more functions than they usually would, which in some cases has highlighted a lack of privacy in open spaces.
Going forward, it might be appropriate land somewhere in the middle. Open spaces make the most of natural light and let smaller footprints feel airier. But mostly, they encourage a spontaneous, unconstricted use of the space. Looking towards the future, our spaces will need to be able to accommodate changing functions, adapting to flexible life patterns. From a design perspective, this suggests the use of a wide array of partitions that include walls but also encompass pivotable walls, sliding doors, glazed partitions, as well as looser options such as curtains, open shelving units, and divider screens. All options that increase prospect in the space.
Buildings were born to provide shelter from the elements, but with time they’ve become boxes with tight barriers separating people from their surroundings. Add to it that we spend up to 90% of our time in indoor (mostly urban) settings, and it becomes clear that our relationship with nature has gone lost.
Sheltering from the elements through tight buildings was once considered efficient. But now we know that tighter buildings are not always more efficient. In fact, looser, more flexible solutions often perform better. This translates into breathable building materials, windows that account for ventilation, and innovative façade designs that are able to react and adapt to outdoor conditions.
Loosening building boundaries also means valuing outdoor space as much as indoor space, encouraging a fluid use of the two in an indoor-outdoor living experience. It also means prioritizing outdoor views or creating them when not already available. In both cases, design choices have a primary role.
The world is becoming more urban and the tendency is likely to continue in the coming years. So designing our future cannot ignore urban design. Towns and cities occupy the space between interiors and the raw natural world. So far, they have themselves been designed as barriers, setting a stark divide between people (that stay in) and nature (that stays out).
The bet for the future is loosening this barrier, welcoming nature inside urban environments through biophilic cities. What’s best is that making nature an integral part of the cityscape benefits people and nature at once. Biophilic cities give urban dwellers a healthier, richer and more enjoyable living environment, they contribute to mitigating the effects of climate change, give back precious real estate to nature, and value the processes that rule the natural world.
Similarly, loosening partitions inside the city improves the quality of public space, opening to mixed functions and shared moments, welcoming informal gatherings and exchanges, fostering the creation of stronger communities. In short, providing a better backdrop for life.
From interiors to cities, reframing our concept of partition from barrier to filter opens a new horizon, leaving us the chance to choose what’s to leave out and what we should let in, in any given space.
This article is part of the book-to-blog initiative, that continues online the experience of my book ‘a biophilic year: 365 thoughts on the essence and practice of biophilic design’. If you have the book, you’re welcome to reach out and request which topic you’d like to see next in this series!